Park "Sofiivka" - an incredible ride for lovers.


The National Arboretum "Sofiivka" - Park, Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, located in the northern part of the city of Uman, Cherkasy region, Ukraine, on the banks of the Kamenka River.Today it is visited holiday destinations.Every year it is visited by approximately 500 thousand people.Area - 179.2 hectares.
"Sofiivka" is a monument of landscape type of world landscape gardening art of the late 18th - early 19th century.In it he Osteo more than 3323 taxa (species, forms, varieties, cultivars) local exotic trees and shrubs, including: swamp cypress, pine Weymouth, tulip tree, sycamore, gingko, spruce and many others.
Park "Sofievka" was founded in 1796 by the owner of the city of Uman, Polish magnate Stanislav Potocki, named in honor of his wife Sophia and donated her birthday party in May 1802.
The author of topographical and architectural design and construction manager of the park was appointed Polish military engineer Ludwig Metzel and all work performed in the park directly fortress city of Uman.
The park was established in almost bare, treeless terrain, divided by the river Kamenka, gullies and ravines that are etched in granite, who often came to the surface.When creating a park successfully applied relief.During the completion of work in some areas have been planted with local and exotic trees and plants were built at the same time the first architecture and decorated in the form of sculptures, mostly antique.
Park begins with bare vnoho Street entrance garden.This is followed by a central walkway. Tower's main entrance, built in 1850-1852, respectively, survived to our time with their entry gates.Fence of the towers, many times over the centuries has changed - from wood to clay columns, then metal on granite columns, with the look that it has today, with the reconstructed bridge, stairs and complex to serve the tourists, which now has the status of the House of Creativity Scientists of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.This wake NOC has an original architecture, and on top of the building - the observation deck.In addition to the museum in the house of the scientist's creation is the hotel for 45 people, a restaurant and sauna.
The basis of the creative expression of the central part of the park put scenes from mythology of ancient Greece and Rome, and some places remind the habitation of Greek gods, heroes, writers and philosophers.
To the right of the pavilion "Flora" is made ​​of granite stone arched vault, called Venetian bridge.M ist decorated with granite piers, between which hang heavy forged chains.Just below the bridge is a wooden lock prop UWC of water in the river Kamenka.
In the middle of the Lower Lakes with wide open mouth of the snake that is bent on the rocks, has a column of water - fountain "Snake".Water comes to pho ntanu through an aqueduct, built of granite ashlar stone along the road that leads from the academy and conservatory to the Flora Pavilion.