Bakota - submerged city of Khmelnitsky region


Bakota - a flooded village in Khmelnytsky region, Kam Kamenetz-Podolsk district.Located near th e old townships and villages Ushytsya Kolodiivka. 1981 were excluded from public records in communications with the construction of the Dniester hydro.The village was flooded, and people resettled in neighboring towns.

Excavations indicate that for centuries it served as a place of pagan cultural center. On the banks of the Dniester found many mounds, shrines and so on. There is also fully confirmed the information at the bottom of river canyon (one of the tributaries of the Dniester) found a stone footprint of Buddha.

It is no exaggeration to say that Bakota was one of the largest cultural centers in Ukraine. The first clue about the settlements in the annals idbulasya in 1024.From the 13th century one of the most important cultural centers of the Lower Dniester, which at the time was part of the Halych-Volyn principality.Arguably, in the 12th century the city population stood at more than 2.5 million people.

Contemporary cultural center Bakota became rock monastery, the mention of which is recorded in the book of rock in 1362. The founder of the monastery is considered to St Anthony (founder of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra).

There is Ipatiev Chronicle mention in 1255 that the village attacked the Mongol-Tatars. Residents of the city were hiding from them in the monastery caves. The invaders offered to give up and to renounce the faith, but were refused. Then exit the cave were covered that buried alive citizens. And in 1258 the Tatars were destroyed Bakotsky lock.

In 1431 the city rebelled against the landlord system and declared independence.But then came the crown and the Polish army completely destroyed the rebellion. Since then Bakota ceased to exist as a city.

During the last centuries of life in Bakota continued peaceful stream. Fighting during World Bakota in the territory was not. It was only in 1947, famine killed much of the population, were destroyed crosses, churches and many other monuments of reach.

So do not forget your history, let us pray for those who laid his head for a better fate now rests Ukraine under the mighty waves of the Dniester.